Types of Hinges and Where to use them (2024)

Various hinge types serve different purposes in various applications. For cabinet doors, auto hinges soft close for interior doors, and exterior doors, specific hinges are essential. Choose the right hinge to enhance functionality and aesthetics in your home. In this article, we delve into the diverse uses of hinges, ensuring optimal functionality and performance in different settings.


  • Hinges play a crucial role in the functionality and durability of doors, with various types suited for different applications such as cabinet doors, entryways, and machinery covers.

  • Understanding factors like door type, frequency of use, and environmental conditions is essential for selecting the appropriate hinge type, whether it's heavy-duty for high-traffic areas or soft-close for interior doors.


Understanding door hinges:

Before picking door hinges, it is important to know door specifics beyond just weight. Consider vertical and horizontal loads, how often the door will be used, and its type like entry or cabinet doors. Moreover, categorizes usage frequency as low, medium, or high. Match weight capacity with the door's weight to choose between standard or heavy-duty hinges.

  • Vertical load, influenced by the total weight of the door, is a critical factor to consider.
  • Also, horizontal load, which is influenced by factors such as the ratio of door height to width, the weight of the door, and the placement of the hinges, is another important consideration.

Another aspect often ignored is the frequency of door usage. This involves estimating how frequently the door will be opened and closed daily. Therefore, it is important to consider the door type—whether it is an entry door, a cabinet door, or a heavy entryway door. This analysis is typically divided into three categories:


  • Low-frequency doors are those that are opened and closed ten times or fewer per day.
  • Medium-frequency doors are those that are opened and closed between 10 to 24 times per day.
  • High-frequency doors are those that are opened and closed more than 25 times daily.

When do you need heavy-duty door hinges?

When dealing with doors subjected to major vertical and horizontal loads, frequent usage, or substantial weight, heavy-duty door hinges become necessary. Moreover, they provide enhanced durability and strength to withstand the demands of heavy doors and high-traffic areas without sagging or malfunctioning.

This table specifies door weights in kilograms, along with the corresponding frequency of use and recommended hinge type.

Door Weight (kg) 



Up to 20    



20 - 50           



Over 50     



What are the different types of hinges?

Understanding the suitability of hinge types for different applications is essential. Following, here are some common hinges and their respective applications to assist in selecting the appropriate hinge for your needs.


Butt Stainless Steel Hinges-

Hinges come in various configurations: right or left-handed and made from different materials. You can choose from visible or concealed hinges, offering a lot of choices, with many being butt hinges, the most common type. Butt hinges consist of two matching leaves, like a leaf hinge. This type showcased here and below, falls under the butt hinge category. In essence, butt hinges are the most common, offering versatility and functionality in numerous applications.


Corner hinges-

Corner hinges sit loaded against the surface and typically mount internally to determine damage, except for external metal corner hinges commonly found on machines. Moreover, they feature a removable pin that enables door removal for maintenance or access when the door is open. Therefore, this design ensures easy handling and maintenance while providing security against unauthorized access.

Internal metal corner hinges

  • Heavy-duty industrial hinges are designed for robust applications.
  • They offer a rotational angle of 180° for flexible movement.
  • Moreover, these hinges are specifically utilized on steel panels for large-scale projects.
  •  Constructed from die-cast zinc alloy, they feature a stainless steel pin for durability and strength.

Plastic concern hinges

  • They are suitable for light-steel panels.
  • They provide a rotational angle of 180° for flexibility.
  • These hinges are crafted from 30% glass-reinforced nylon, featuring a POM pin for durability.
  • Additionally, these are compact in design, they offer simple installation into the return bend of formed sheet metal doors and panels.


Lift-off hinges-

Consider doors in high-traffic areas. In such cases, opt for lift-off hinges for effortless door removal during maintenance. These hinges allow the top part to lift off from the bottom when the panel opens, facilitating easy access. Moreover, they're also referred to as door-removal hinges, streamlining maintenance and repair tasks.

Lift-Off screw-mount hinge

  • Easy lift-off function
  • Suitable for removing flush-mounted doors
  • Offers a 180° rotational angle
  • Available in steel or stainless steel variants
  • Equipped with a durable stainless steel or steel pin

Surface mount hinge-lift off

  • Concealed mounting screws hinder external access to the hinge
  • Suited for electric panels and machinery covers
  • Provides a 180° rotational angle
  • Constructed from zinc alloy with a stainless steel pin

Offset hinges-

Offset hinges, also called swing-clear hinges, create extra space in doorways. They allow the door to swing fully open, giving complete access to the doorway's width. Moreover, these hinges move the hinge pin away from the door frame. When the door is opened to 90 degrees, it is positioned at least two inches back from the doorway, effectively enlarging the opening. Without them, you'd have to make the opening larger and use a bigger door.


Cabinet Hinges-

This hinges soft close the door using a hydraulic mechanism. These hinges are mostly preferred in office doors. Also, it has a 110-degree rotational door opening mechanism.

Auto Hinges-

Auto hinges also referred to as self-closing or spring hinges, employ a spring mechanism to provide the closing force, ensuring doors close smoothly and securely without requiring manual intervention. Along with this, commercial settings like restaurants, offices, and shops commonly employ these hinges to maintain privacy, security, and energy efficiency by ensuring doors always close properly.


External hinges vs. internal hinges:

Manufacturers craft exterior hinges to endure outdoor conditions, using materials like stainless steel or brass to resist corrosion from rain and temperature changes.

Designers tailor interior hinges for indoor use, typically fashioning them from steel or zinc, and finish them to complement interior decor without exposure to harsh weather.


To Conclude:

Understanding the diverse needs of hinges is crucial for selecting the right one for specific applications. Factors like door type, hinge soft close, frequency of use, and environmental conditions dictate the choice between heavy-duty or standard hinges. 

Various hinge types like lift-off and auto hinges serve unique purposes, ensuring smooth operation and durability in diverse settings. Whether it's exterior or interior doors, cabinet doors, or machinery covers, IPSA hinges are the best hinge type that enhances functionality and durability.

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